It was established through a legal agreement between residential school survivors, the Assembly of First Nations, Inuit representatives and those responsible for the creation and operation of the residential schools, namely the federal government and Catholic Church authorities.
The mandate of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC) was to inform all Canadians about what happened at residential schools. The TRC documented the truth from survivors, their families, communities and anyone else who was personally affected by the residential school experience, including First Nations, Inuit and Métis former students, family members, communities, churches, former residential school staff, government representatives and other Canadians.
The TRC’s mandate ended in 2015 and resulted in a series of 94 calls to action to foster reconciliation. The establishment of a National Council for Reconciliation was recommended (Calls to Action 53-56) to follow up on the recommendations. This council has yet to be established.